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Tuesday, September 25, 2018

Malware और Virus क्या है? और यह कितने प्रकार का होता है


Virus के प्रकार      Malware ek prakaar ka software prograam hai. ise maleshiya sophtaveyar bhee kahate hain jo aapake kampyootar ko bahut nukasaan pahunchaata hai is softwarer ko Hackers anya logon ke Commputer se daata choree karane ke lie dijain karate hain haikar kee bhaasha mein mailaveyar taim ka yooz vaayaras spaeeveyar aur phorm shaadee ke lie kiya jaata hai yah sabhee vaayaras ke hee roop hai mailaveyar aapakee nijee phailon tak pahunch kar unhen doosaree kisee divais mein traansaphar kar sakata hai isake jarie haikars aapakee soochanaen photo veediyo baink ka akaunt se judee jaanakaaree chura sakate hain maleshiya sophtaveyar aapake kampyootar mein kaee tarah se aa sakate hain ya to aap khud hee inhen galatee se daunalod kar le ya kisee spaim eemel ke jarie ya kisee vebasait ke jarie aapake kampyootar mein pahunch jaen  mailaveyar ke prakaar  mailisiyas sophtaveyar kaee prakaar ke hote hain jo alag-alag tarah se hamaare kampyootar aur deta ko nukasaan pahunchaate hain

Virus के प्रकार 



 Malware ek prakaar ka software prograam hai. ise maleshiya sophtaveyar bhee kahate hain jo aapake kampyootar ko bahut nukasaan pahunchaata hai is softwarer ko Hackers anya logon ke Commputer se daata choree karane ke lie dijain karate hain haikar kee bhaasha mein mailaveyar taim ka yooz vaayaras spaeeveyar aur phorm shaadee ke lie kiya jaata hai yah sabhee vaayaras ke hee roop hai mailaveyar aapakee nijee phailon tak pahunch kar unhen doosaree kisee divais mein traansaphar kar sakata hai isake jarie haikars aapakee soochanaen photo veediyo baink ka akaunt se judee jaanakaaree chura sakate hain maleshiya sophtaveyar aapake kampyootar mein kaee tarah se aa sakate hain ya to aap khud hee inhen galatee se daunalod kar le ya kisee spaim eemel ke jarie ya kisee vebasait ke jarie aapake kampyootar mein pahunch jaen
mailaveyar ke prakaar
mailisiyas sophtaveyar kaee prakaar ke hote hain jo alag-alag tarah se hamaare kampyootar aur deta ko nukasaan pahunchaate hain 

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Virus

Virus malware ka sabase lokapriy prakaar hai ham baakee ke malware ko bhee vaayaras hee bulaate hain lekin yah sabhee ek jaise nahin hai. 
ek local computer mein sabase jyaada khatara Virus se hee hota hai Virus hamaare paas ek saadhaaran software ke roop mein hee aata hai jab ham ise apane computer mein instol karate hain to yah hamen apana asalee rang dikhaata hai computer kee jarooree files jaise opareting system imphekted kar deta hai ya use kraish kar deta hai jisase computer kharaab aur daata curpt ho jaata hai

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Worms

Worms  kaaphee had tak computer vaayaras kee tarah hee hote hain isakee khaas baat yah hai ki yah apane aap kee hee kaee copy bana sakata hai yaanee yah fail jaata hai aur aapake netavark se jude kisee bhee ek computer mein imphekted kar sakata hai ise phailane ke lie kisee nirdesh kee jaroorat nahin padatee hai yah aapake computermein emel internet surfhing downloding ke samay aa sakata hai yah Virus kee tarah hee aapake deta ko nukasaan pahunchaata hai ya use kraish kar deta hai

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Trojan Horse 


trojan computer main instol hote hee us par niyantran pa leta hai isake baad yah vaayaras aur doosare vaaras se computer  par hamale karavaata hai jisase hamaara daata karapt ho jaata hai
rainasamaveyar: rainasamaveyar ke ek baar computer mein install hone ke baad saara daata encript yaanee use lok kar diya jaata hai use dikript karane ke lie ham se paise maange jaate hain rainasamaveyar ke jyaadaatar hamale bitakoin ya kripto karensee ke bhugataan ke lie hee hote hain jisase rainasamaveyar ke devalapar ko ya bhejane vaale ko pakada na ja sake

Spyware

spyware ka kaam aapake dvaara apane computer mein kee pratikriya aur deta par najar rakhana aur unhen kisee aur ke paas bhejana hota hai aleejaan sophtaveyar ke saath hokar aapake kampyootar mein ho sakate hain spaeeveyar ko kisee khaas vyakti jagah ya kisee khaas computer ko taaraget karake hee banaaya jaata hai inaka ek prakaar kelogger  bhee hota hai jo software aur hardaware donon roopon mein baajaar mein milata hai isaka kaam bhee logon ka daata churaana aur unake sistam par najar rakhana hota hai keelogar ko koee baaharee vyakti sistam mein lagaakar aapake sistam kee saaree jaanakaaree chura sakata hai yah kaam keylogger sophtaveyar se bhee kiya ja sakata hai

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Adware

Adware ka makasad aapake computer ka daata ko haani pahunchaana nahin hota balki isake install hone ke baad aapako bina kisee app ko opan kie hee home screen par hee vigyaapan  dikhane lagate hain isaka makasad aapase aid par klik karava kar paise kamaana hota hai

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Malware se bachane ke tareeke

kuchh bhee download karane se pahale yah jaanch len ki website asalee hai ya nakalee yadi website jyaada mashahoor nahin hai to aap us website par comment padh kar pata laga sakate hain ki vah kaisee hai yadi website mein comment section nahin hai to vahaan se kuchh bhee download na karen. website ko kholate samay ek baar usaka url theek se dekh len agar website ka URL website se sambandhit nahin hai to website nakalee ho sakatee hai. 
SOFTWARE download karne kel liye hanesa officially website ka hee upayog karen cheejen jaisee filmen ya paid software mupht mein download karane ke chakkar mein na rahe isakee vajah se aapake deta ko khatara bhee ho sakata hai aajakal maarket mein free sophtaveyar aur cheet sheet maujood hai jo paid sophtaveyar ko phree mein istemaal karane kee paramishan detee hain main aapako bataana chaahata hoon ki yah bilkul bhee surakshit nahin hai main aap kisee bhee ped sophtaveyar ka phree mein istemaal karane kee koshish na karen yah aapako aur aapake sistam ke lie khataranaak ho sakata hai
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